All corporate and other legal entities (such entities) incorporated within a Member State are required to obtain and hold adequate, accurate and current information on their beneficial ownership, including the details of the beneficial interests held (Article 30(1)).
Such entities must file such information in the central companies register of the Member State within that timescale specified by their national law
Member States must ensure that the Article 30(1) information is held in a central register in each Member State, for example a commercial register, companies register as referred to in Article 3 of Directive 2009/101/EC or a public register. (Article 30(3)).
Obliged entities on the other hand are required to report any discrepancies they find between the beneficial ownership information available in the central registers and the beneficial ownership information available to them when carrying out customer due diligence.
The information on the beneficial ownership held in the companies register must be is accessible to:
(a) competent authorities and FIUs, without any restriction;
(b) obliged entities, within the framework of customer due diligence
(c) any member of the general public.
The persons referred to in point (c) shall be permitted to access at least the name, the month and year of birth and the country of residence and nationality of the beneficial owner as well as the nature and extent of the beneficial interest held (Article 30(5)).
In exceptional circumstances laid down in national law, where access to beneficial ownership information held in the central companies register by obliged entities and the general public would expose the beneficial owner to disproportionate risk, risk of fraud, kidnapping, blackmail, extortion, harassment, violence or intimidation, or where the beneficial owner is a minor or otherwise legally incapable, Member States may provide for an exemption from such access to all or part of the information on the beneficial ownership on a case-by-case basis. This exemption must not apply to credit institutions and financial institutions, or to the obliged entities referred to in point (3)(b) of Article 2(1) that are public officials (Article 30(9)).
Obliged entities must not rely exclusively on the central register referred to in paragraph Article 30(3) to fulfil their customer due diligence requirements in accordance with Chapter II. Those requirements shall be fulfilled by using a risk-based approach (Article 30(8)).
The central registers referred to in Article 30 (3) of this Article must be interconnected via the European Central Platform established by Article 22(1) of Directive (EU) 2017/1132. The connection of the Member States’ central registers to the platform will be set up in accordance with the technical specifications and procedures established by implementing acts adopted by the Commission in accordance with Article 24 of Directive (EU) 2017/1132 and with Article 31a of this Directive (Article 30(10)).